Growing areas and the coffee belt

Coffee grows around the globe in the so-called Coffee belt. It extends north and south of the equator between the 25th parallel. While Brazil and Vietnam are among the largest coffee producers, in these countries priority is given to the Robusta bean cultivated which thrives best at a lower altitude of up to 700 meters. As the name suggests, the Robusta plant is “robust” and therefore more resilient and easier to grow in monocultures. The higher quality arabica plant, which grows at altitudes between 1.000 and 2.000 meters, is primarily found on the steep mountain slopes of Colombia and Central America. These plants also grow in the highlands of East Africa, where the coffee plant originated. In order to cultivate the coffee plant, many factors have to interact. The most important influencing factors here are temperature, amount of precipitation, weather influences as well as wind and sun. Furthermore, the nature of the soil is essential. The time of harvest, preparation and, ultimately, the type of roasting are also decisive for the taste of the coffee in the cup. It should be noted that only a few crops place such high demands on their environment.